- Skunks are extremely adaptable and thrive in many different habitats, as long as food and shelter are available. Because they rarely travel more than 2 miles from their established dens, a skunk will typically settle down within 2 miles of a water source.
- Dens are made in tree hollows, logs, brush piles, and underneath porches and other structures. Skunks will occasionally dig their own burrows underground if no other shelter options are available
- Skunks are omnivores but insects and grubs. They will also eat rodents, berries, eggs, and grasshoppers.
- They are shy, nocturnal animals and tend to be inactive during the coldest months in winter, gathering in communal dens for warmth. For the remainder of the year, skunks are generally solitary, living and foraging alone.
- Females have litters of 1-7 babies from April to June.
- Skunks will usually only attack when cornered or defending their young, and spraying is not the first method of defense. A skunk will growl, spit, fluff its fur, shake its tail, and stamp the ground. If the intruder does not leave, the skunk will then lift its tail and spray its famous skunk odor.
- Immune to snake venom, skunks eat rattlesnakes.
- They prefer not to spray as their first defense. If you are getting too close, they will stomp their front feet to warn you that there is still time to move away before being sprayed.
To remove skunk odor from your pet try this homemade remedy.
- 1 qt. hydrogen peroxide,
- 2 tbs. baking soda,
- 1 tsp Dawn dish soap.
Apply to pet’s coat, wait a few minutes and rinse well with water. Do not save the remainder of the mixture.
Ways to Discourage
- Remove sources of food. This is the main reason they are on your property.
- Secure trash can lids
- Remove outdoor pet food
- Secure compost
- Bury fencing underground a few inches around your garden vegetables
- Motion activated flood lights work well to frighten skunks away at night. They will return if you don’t address the reason they are attracted to your yard.
- If it is spring into early summer, it may have a den with babies. Please do not disturb them and allow them the time to raise the babies safely and move on.
Note: It is illegal to trap and relocate wildlife.